A systematic analysis of the effectiveness of vaccine delivery in rural areas of developing countries


Seattle, India, Bangladesh




Led primary research in India and Bangladesh, as a Business Analyst at McKinsey & Company



A global foundation wanted to invest in technology to improve vaccine delivery to rural areas of developing countries. McKinsey & Company was hired to investigate the market potential and impact of the proposed technology. Additionally, we were tasked with identifying ways to enhance vaccine coverage in India. 


Design Approach

  • Expert Interviews: Interviewed experts in the private and public sector to develop an understanding of the current system of vaccine delivery

  • Field research: Conducted 4 weeks of field work in India and Bangladesh, to observe and interview stakeholders across the value chain, including mothers, nurses, cold-chain managers and government officials

  • A Day in the Life: Mapped a day in the life of a "vaccine", a "nurse" and a "mother"

  • System dynamic maps: Built system dynamic maps to identify potential areas for interventions

Visual representation of the "day in the life" of a vaccine 

System Model depicting stakeholders across 3 verticals, that play a role in the vaccine delivery and administration network


What we accomplished


Developed a comprehensive overview of vaccine delivery and administration in rural areas globally. 


Identified systemic causes and pain-points of low vaccination rates in India. Conducted a comparative analysis between India and Bangladesh, which became the foundation for the Indian government to consider new interventions. 

Comparative study between India and best practices from Bangladesh and Ghana


Recommended that the global foundation not invest in technology rather invest in training programs for managers and in the transfer of knowledge